URBIO is an open worldwide scientific network for education and research. It aims to promote urban biodiversity through a continuing dialogue with the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) initiative on “Cities and Biodiversity”. The main theme of URBIO2010 is “Urban Biodiversity in the Ecological Network”, which consists of the following two subthemes: I. Ecosystem network and quality of habitats in and around the urban area II. Networking conservation activities of urban people.