O estudo Activation in integrated services?: bridging social and employment services in European countries, do Institute for Futures Studies, examina como alguns países europeus procederam para criar estes serviços integrados.
http://swopec.hhs.se/ifswps/abs/ifswps2009_011.htm
http://www.espanet-italia.net/conference2009/paper/18B%20-%20Minas.pdf