A better understanding and use of research could eliminate many of the errors made by governments and others in developing policy and lead to much greater effectiveness of governance, according to a report by the League of European Research Universities. The findings may sound banal, but the conclusion is cogently argued by researchers who stand at the top of their field in Europe, and indeed the world, namely Sir Michael Marmot (University College London) an expert on the social determinants of health, and Professor Andreas Kruse (Ruprecht-Karls-Universität Heidelberg), an expert on ageing.