Creoles, Diasporas, Cosmopolitanisms." The ACLA’s 2010 meeting in New Orleans—a city that has long prided itself on its exceptional linguistic, legal and cultural statuses—gives an occasion for reflecting on and extending the concept of the “creole.” Creole languages appropriate pieces of other languages to make new composite grammars and vocabularies; creole societies enroll, originally by force, bodies from diverse places and tribes. The incorporation that might be singled out as the defining feature of the “creole” interacts with the diffusion and memory characteristic of the diaspora and with the attempt to construct or hold open a cosmopolitan cultural space.